The preamble of the Indian Constitution aims to secure to the people of India justice – socio, economic and political. Article 39A of the Constitution of India provides that State shall secure that the operation of legal system promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity, and shall in particular, provide free legal aid, by suitable legislation or schemes or in any other way, to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disability.
Articles 14 and 22(1) also make it obligatory for the State to ensure equality before law and a legal system which promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity to all.
Pursuant to achieve the aforesaid objectives, the Legal Services Authority Act, 1987, was enacted by the Parliament to constitute Legal Services Authorities to provide free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities, and to organize Lok Adalats to secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity.
State Legal Services Authority is constituted with The Chief Justice of the High Court as Patron-in-Chief, a serving or retired Judge of the High Court, to be nominated by the Governor in consultation with Chief Justice of the High Court as Executive Chairman and such number of other members, possessing such experience and qualifications as may be prescribed by the State Government.
The functions of the State Authority is to give effect to the policy and directions of the Central Authority; give legal service to persons who satisfy the criteria laid down under the Act 1987; conduct Lok Adalats, including Lok Adalats for High Court cases; undertake preventive and strategic legal aid programmes & perform such other functions as the State Authority may, in consultation with the Central Authority, fix by regulations.
Legal Services Authority strives to ensure that constitutional pledge is fulfilled in its letter & spirit and equal justice is made available to the poor, downtrodden and weaker sections of the society.
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